José Luis Iribarren, Fernando Martínez Sagasti, Juan José Jiménez, Maitane Brouard, Eduardo Salido, Rafael Martínez and María Luisa Mora
We have investigated genetic and clinical factors associated with hyperdynamic state (HS) after heart surgery with extracorporeal circulation (ECC). We performed a prospective cohort study of consecutive patients who underwent elective heart surgery with ECC. HS was defined as hyperthermia (>38 °C), cardiac index (CI) >3.5 l/min/m2 and systemic vascular resistance index (SVRI) <1600 dynes·s/cm5·m2. The study included demographic variables, gene polymorphisms A/G of tumor necrosis factor-beta (TNFβ+250), G/A-1082 of interleukin-10 (IL-10), polymorphism of interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra), comorbidity, type of surgery, serum levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), and postoperative course. We used Pearson χ2 or Fisher exact test, and Student t-test for univariate analysis, with forward stepwise logistic regression for multivariate adjustment. Eighty patients were studied, of whom 22 (27.5%) developed HS. The presence of allele G of TNFβ+250 polymorphism was associated with an increased incidence of HS (68% vs. 37%; P=0.011). In the multivariate analysis, a longer duration of ECC, and the presence of the G allele, were associated with the development of HS. The G allele of TNFβ+250 polymorphism, and prolonged extracorporeal circuit times, may favor the development of a hyperdynamic state after heart surgery with ECC.